The Dolomites, with their distinct and jagged peaks, offer some of the best alpine thrills in Europe. The Italian part is called "South Tirol." That's why I feature it in my Italy guidebook as the ideal home base for exploring the Dolomites. Here in the region of South Tirol, even though we're in Italy, locals speak German first and Italian second. Kastelruth is the gateway to Europe's largest alpine meadow, the Alpe di Siusi [a.k.a.