As the capital of Bavaria for centuries, Munich was able to amass lots of great art. The Alte Pinakothek — or "old painting gallery" — shows off Bavaria’s best collection of European masterpieces from the 14th through the 18th centuries, featuring work by many of the greats. Paintings give a peek at the tumultuous events as Germany woke from its medieval slumbers and entered a new epoch. When this individualism met church authority, sparks flew. Albrecht Dürer actually met Martin Luther, he was impressed by his ideas, and became one of his supporters.