Eventually, the JINR team plans to extend the observatory to encompass a full cubic kilometer within Lake Baikal. “Lake Baikal is perhaps the only lake where a neutrino telescope can be deployed because of its depth," Bair Shoibonov, a scientist at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, told AFP. For instance, the IceCube Neutrino Observatory, operated by the University of Wisconsin-Madison is the largest neutrino observatory on Earth, with tendrils that delve 2.5 kilometers (1.5 miles) into the South Pole in Antarctica. Baikal-GVD is now the largest neutrino observatory in the Northern Hemisphere, according to the JINR team. Though JINR heads the project, the telescope is a collaboration between researchers from Russia, the Czech Republic, Germany, Poland, and Slovakia.