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The Birth of Ancient Rome and the Forum

The Birth of Ancient Rome and the Forum

In its glory days, the word Rome meant not the just city but what Romans considered the entire civilized world. In actuality, the first Romans mixed and mingled here — in the valley between the famous Seven Hills of Rome. In 509 BC, they tossed out their king, established a relatively democratic Roman Republic, and began what was perhaps history's greatest success story — the rise of Rome. But the Republic was finished, and Rome became the grand capital of a grand empire. The Capitoline Hill — which rises majestically from the busy streets — has long been the home of Rome's city government.